Tuesday, May 23, 2017

How Can I Tell How Much Filter Media I Need To Rebuild My Filter Tank?


Looking to purchase coconut carbon material and support gravel for a
residential style whole house filter. Not sure what type and quantity?  How
can I tell how much filter media is needed to rebuild my existing filter

I use a carbon filter with a backwash valve on top, to keep my house water
clean. It has been in for some years and I know I need to change the
charcoal inside it.

I saw on your website that there are two different types of coconut shell
carbon.   You showed something called "catalytic carbon", and it was more
expensive.  Which is better?

Paducah, Kentucky

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

How to Keep Cisterns Free of Bacteria and Odors

Hello – I have a cistern that I am considering using for drinking water.  Our well has been pumping very little water lately and I am using our old concrete cistern to store trucked-in water.  I am also thinking of using it to store rainwater.  

How can I make sure that my cistern water is clean and free of contamination?  Even though the water is trucked in, the water in our cistern has a bad odor to it and we are reluctant to use it.  

Sunday, May 7, 2017

How Can I Install Proportional Feed Chlorinator On My Home Water Well


My question is about how to set up a chlorinator on my home well that operates based on water flow.  My neighbor has a chlorinator pump that turns on and injects chlorine every time the well pump turns on.  That won’t work me, because I do a lot of irrigating during the summer and I don’t need or want all that water to be chlorinated.

We have a small amount of sulfur odor and also iron bacteria.  We get rusty stains and some slime in the toilet tank. I have a water softener that works fine, but it needs extra maintenance because of the irony slime.  We have 1-1/2 baths and it’s just my wife and me in the home.

I want to inject a small amount of chlorine bleach, right before it enters our home, can you tell me how to do that?

Jimmy R
Baton Rouge

Tuesday, April 18, 2017

How Can I Fix My Smelly Well Water Problem?

Mr Bulfin,

I have a 1 bedroom, 1 bath home and cannot stand the well water smell.  It smells like rotten eggs, sulfur.  I also have black slime in the toilet tank.  A local water guy said we had no iron, and I don’t see rust stains. He suggested a water softener and a carbon filter, but I don’t want to use the salt. How can I fix my smelly well water problem?

Kimberly L.

Sunday, April 9, 2017

How To Remove High Levels of Nitrate from My Well Water?

Dear sir,

I am selling a home in an area known for high nitrates in groundwater.  The test came back at 10.1 mg/L. well is at 100 ft and is 8 years old. Can I use one of your whole house Nitrate treatment systems to get it below 10 mg/L?.  The water is also hard but there is no water softener there, yet."

Monday, March 20, 2017

How To Use Hydrogen Peroxide, Catalytic Carbon, and Ultraviolet Sterilizers To Eliminate Sulfur Odors and Sulfate Reducing Bacteria from Well Water


My neighbor told me about your company.  I have a very bad rotten egg odor in our well water. I don't know why but it developed over the last year, we never had it before.   Our neighbors have a similar problem, not as bad but they use chlorine.

My wife does not want chlorine, and I read on your site about peroxide.  Would that work for me?  I think we have iron or sulfur bacteria, as we have a lot of gray slimy growth in our toilet tanks.  We also tested positive for coliform but i shocked the well and not its clean, but will peroxide also kill coliform if it comes back?  thanks

Bill R.
North Carolina

Wednesday, March 15, 2017

What is The Difference Between the 3 Main Types of Iron Filter Media?

We use a few different methods used to remove iron and manganese from well water.  

Iron and manganese are typically found in groundwater in a dissolved state and have a clear color. 

While there are various less common treatment methods used (such as ion exchange and ultra-filtration), the most effective and popular systems oxidize (turn to rust) the clear state of iron to a rust or solid form so the solid particles can then be filtered out. 

The oxidation step can be accomplished with aeration, chlorine (gas, sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite or on-site generation of sodium hypochlorite), chlorine dioxide, potassium or sodium permanganate, or ozone.

The most common methods are aeration and chlorine injection.

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

Top 6 Factors Affecting Ultraviolet Treatment of Well & Spring Water

Factors Affecting UV Treatment

Water to be treated by UV light should be clear and relatively low in minerals:

  1. Water should be low in hardness minerals: Less than 7  grains per gallon of hardness, or less than 120 PPM) 
  2. Water should be free of color 
  3. Iron should be less than 0.3 mg/L.   
  4. Manganese should be less than 0.05 mg/L
  5. pH range should be 6.5 to 9.5
  6. Turbidity should be less than 1 NTU

Sunday, January 8, 2017

How To Preserve 5 Gallon Water Bottles for Long Term Storage with Ozone

How To Preserve 5 Gallon Water Bottles for Emergencies and Long Term Storage with Ozone

A customer wrote asked us about how to store water for long-term emergency preparedness.

"I want to store water in 5-gallon bottles for my family, but I notice a slime or deposit develops after a few months on the bottles.  Should I add chlorine or peroxide to the bottles when filling the first time?"

Thursday, December 22, 2016

Top 3 Ways to Automatically Turn On and Off a Home Well Water Chlorinator

You might be asking “What is the best way to install a home well water chlorinator so it turns on and off automatically?”

This is a common question for everyone on well water wanting to use a home well water chlorinator.

Metering pumps are used to inject a small amount of liquid chlorine bleach  into the water, usually in conjunction with a contact tank.  The pumps draw chlorine bleach from a solution tank and pump it into a pipe under pressure. 

Chlorine Bleach Solves a Lot of Problems for a Low Cost

Water used for drinking and cooking should be free of odor, slime producing bacteria,  and pathogenic (disease causing) microorganisms that cause such illnesses as typhoid fever, dysentery, cholera, and gastroenteritis.   

Although several methods eliminate microorganisms and odors in water, chlorination is the most commonly used. Chlorination is effective against many pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria, but at normal dosage rates it does not kill all viruses, cysts, or worms.

Often combined with filtration to remove the chlorine from the water used inside the home,  chlorination is an excellent and cost-effective way to disinfect drinking water supplies, eliminate odors, and oxidize iron, and other metals.