Sunday, January 29, 2017

Top 6 Factors Affecting Ultraviolet Treatment of Well & Spring Water


Factors Affecting UV Treatment

Water to be treated by UV light should be clear and relatively low in minerals:


  1. Water should be low in hardness minerals: Less than 7  grains per gallon of hardness, or less than 120 PPM) 
  2. Water should be free of color 
  3. Iron should be less than 0.3 mg/L.   
  4. Manganese should be less than 0.05 mg/L
  5. pH range should be 6.5 to 9.5
  6. Turbidity should be less than 1 NTU

Sunday, January 8, 2017

How To Preserve 5 Gallon Water Bottles for Long Term Storage with Ozone




How To Preserve 5 Gallon Water Bottles for Emergencies and Long Term Storage with Ozone

A customer wrote asked us about how to store water for long-term emergency preparedness.

"I want to store water in 5-gallon bottles for my family, but I notice a slime or deposit develops after a few months on the bottles.  Should I add chlorine or peroxide to the bottles when filling the first time?"

Thursday, December 22, 2016

Top 3 Ways to Automatically Turn On and Off a Home Well Water Chlorinator

You might be asking “What is the best way to install a home well water chlorinator so it turns on and off automatically?”

This is a common question for everyone on well water wanting to use a home well water chlorinator.

Metering pumps are used to inject a small amount of liquid chlorine bleach  into the water, usually in conjunction with a contact tank.  The pumps draw chlorine bleach from a solution tank and pump it into a pipe under pressure. 

Chlorine Bleach Solves a Lot of Problems for a Low Cost

Water used for drinking and cooking should be free of odor, slime producing bacteria,  and pathogenic (disease causing) microorganisms that cause such illnesses as typhoid fever, dysentery, cholera, and gastroenteritis.   

Although several methods eliminate microorganisms and odors in water, chlorination is the most commonly used. Chlorination is effective against many pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria, but at normal dosage rates it does not kill all viruses, cysts, or worms.

Often combined with filtration to remove the chlorine from the water used inside the home,  chlorination is an excellent and cost-effective way to disinfect drinking water supplies, eliminate odors, and oxidize iron, and other metals.

Monday, December 19, 2016

How To Use a Centrifigal Sand Separator To Keep Mud and Sand From Filling Up Your Well’s Pressure Tank



Hello Jean,

Thank you for contacting us. 

You wrote:

“My well water flow rate was so poor in the kitchen, I called the plumber. He said there was 'mud and sand in the pressure tank'. Is there a good filter for that?”

Yes the best way settle out large heavy particles such as mud and sand before the water reaches the pressure tank, is by using a centrifugal sand separator to trap the sand, followed by a turbidity backwash filter to remove finer silt and sediment.

Sand separators are available with an automatic flush valve to purge the accumulated mud on a schedule without requiring any manual maintenance.

Thursday, November 10, 2016

Should I Use a Chlorinator to Treat My Well Water?

Hello Ed,

Thank you for your email and I am happy to answer your question below,

"I had my water tested recently and have a few questions. Currently we have a water softener w/ salt that is not removing the high levels of iron and manganese. I increased the frequency of the regeneration and it is consuming more salt, but the iron remains too high.  

I'd like to address iron, the ph. Also the report says "total Coli form" did not pass state Drinking Water Standards, although report detail says "Fecal Coliform Not Tested ,and E.Coli is absent."   

Should I use a chlorinator to treat my well water?  Can i kill bacteria and also treat for iron and manganese with a well water chlorinator?

Ed in Texas "

Tuesday, November 1, 2016

How Can I Find Out What My Well Pump Flow Rate Is?



Hello Sam,

Thank you for your email. And regarding your question:

"I need to get an iron filter for my lake house, which is on a private well.  I have a question about how to check the well pump flow rate.

The water pressure seems good, but how can I make sure it will be enough to backwash the iron filter?  I read on your site that the backwash flow rate is critical for iron filters and sometimes bigger is not better."


Thanks for emailing.  This is very important, and it is easy to figure out and get a good approximate figure on what the flow rate is.   You are correct, it is not accurate to simply turn on a spigot near the well and time the water running into a bucket.  This is not accurate because a hose bib (or spigot) restricts the flow rate to 5 to 8 gallons per minute. 

Thursday, October 27, 2016

How To Use a Chlorinator Pump to Get Rid of Sulfur Water

Hello Lester,

Thank you for contacting us regarding treating your well water.  You reported the following information by filling the form on our website:


"We live in Wisconsin and we use well water.  The water smells like sulfur, and I want to get rid of the smell.  I have heard I can use a chlorinator pump to get rid of sulfur water. 

We also have some iron and manganese.  I may want to use chlorine but my wife is sensitive to chlorinated water. Can we remove the chlorine if say, we are using it? How does that work?  

We only want to treat the water as it flows into the home, I don’t want to add chlorine to the outside water as we have a lot of irrigation and I don’t want or need to filter that.   Thank you." 


Hello sir,

A good way to treat this water is to inject chlorine and then filter it with a Pro-OX iron filter and an activated carbon backwash filter.   The result is clean, disinfected, chlorine-free, non-staining, odor-free water throughout the home.


Thursday, October 20, 2016

How To Use a Proportional Feed Chlorinator to Kill Bacteria and Eliminate Odors


Hello John, 

Based on the concern that we read from your email: 

"I have a constant pressure pump and want to install a chlorinator.  How can I turn the chlorinator on and off automatically?   I only want to chlorinate the water inside the house.

Our well water tested positive for iron bacteria that has odors, and rust.  I have a small amount of arsenic (2 ppb) and want to use a reverse osmosis filter for drinking.  Will this remove the arsenic?   Currently we do have a water softener."


Wednesday, October 12, 2016

What is Best Way to Remove Chlorine, Rust and Odors from Chlorinated Well Water?

Hello Dave,

Thank you for your email. You asked us:

 "I recently purchased a Model 400 pellet feeder and while it did completely get rid of the sulfur odor, now we have a chlorine smell to the water.  What is the best to get rid of the chlorine? We have two kids, so four in our home, 2 bathrooms.   We have an old water softener that still works fine, and the water is pretty good, just an annoying chlorine taste and odor, like a slight bleach smell."


Glad to hear the Model 400 is working out for you.  One problem or issue with the pellet feeders is that the minimum chlorine residual they can inject, can be high.  



Monday, October 10, 2016

How to Use Dry Pellet Well Water Chlorinators To Eliminate Odors and Rust Staining

Hello Richard,

Thanks for emailing. You asked us:

"I need to get a well water chlorinator and I am looking at the pellet type.  This is a DYI project for a rental house. I want it to be easy to deal with and something I don’t have to look at every month. 

How long does the chlorine pellets last in the Model 400 pellet feeder?   

Why does this chlorinator need to be installed after the pressure tank, can’t I put it before the pressure tank? 

Do I need a filter to remove the rust? I have sulfur water (slight odor, not extremely bad) with a small amount of iron (0.8 PPM).  Will the renters be able to taste chlorine in the water or smell the chlorine?"