Sunday, January 8, 2017

How To Preserve 5 Gallon Water Bottles for Long Term Storage with Ozone

How To Preserve 5 Gallon Water Bottles for Emergencies and Long Term Storage with Ozone

A customer wrote asked us about how to store water for long-term emergency preparedness.

"I want to store water in 5-gallon bottles for my family, but I notice a slime or deposit develops after a few months on the bottles.  Should I add chlorine or peroxide to the bottles when filling the first time?"

Chlorine Bleach is One Option

Chlorine is more effective for disinfection of bacteria in well water than hydrogen peroxide. Chlorine bleach can also leave objectionable tastes and odors to the water as well as cause long-term health problems.

A better option is to use ozone.  Ozone is already widely used in commercial bottling of spring and mineral water.  When ozone is added to water, it rapidly kills bacteria, yet dissolves into oxygen and water after a short time. is a great resource for learning more about water storage for
preserve 5 gallon water bottles
emergencies. reports: "Water is an essential element to survival and a necessary item in an emergency supplies kit. Following a disaster, clean drinking water may not be available. Your regular water source could be cut-off or compromised through contamination. Prepare yourself by building a supply of water that will meet your family’s needs during an emergency."

Ozone is a good way to treat your 5-gallon water bottles for long-term and emergency storage.

Try to find BPA-free bottles that use PET as opposed to polycarbonate. You can find these types of bottles widely available these days.

According to Canadian government site Health Canada, ozone is frequently added to water during the water bottling process:

Why Is Ozone Added to Spring or Mineral Water?

"Ozone may be added to spring or mineral water during the bottling process as a disinfectant to inhibit the growth of harmful microorganisms. Ozone is also effective in removing objectionable odors and flavors because it breaks down into oxygen which improves taste and other qualities."

You can ozonate your own water for long term storage.  

This has many advantages:
  • Eliminate bad tastes
  • Remove odors
  • Kill chlorine residual tastes and odors
  • Disinfect water
  • Prevent slime and build-up in the 5 gallon bottle
  • Prolong storage period 

To ozonate using an Ozone 500i or equivalent ozone generator, follow these steps:

  1. Fill water bottle to neck
  2. Place diffuser stone into the 5 gallon bottle near bottom
  3. Turn on ozone generator and run for 10 - 15 minutes
  4. Cap immediately.
  5. Store bottle in a cool dark place.

How Ozone Works:

Q. What exactly is ozone?
A. Ozone is a pungent gas naturally produced in the Earth's upper atmosphere by the action of UV sun light on oxygen molecules. Ozone is manufactured on Earth by sending air through a special chamber containing a high-voltage spark, which creates a blue plasma corona, called 'corona discharge'
Q. How is ozone used in water and air purification?
A. Ozone is a powerful oxidizer similar to chlorine. Many of the same benefits we get from chlorinating water (disinfection, oxidation of metals, etc.) is also realized by using ozone gas, except that with ozone, there is no chemical residual left in the water. Ozone works faster and is more powerful than chlorine. Note we do NOT recommend using this ozone generator to create ozone gas in rooms where it can be breathed in. 

Frequently Asked Questions About the Ozone 500i:

Q. Can the Ozone 500-i to disinfect water?
A. Yes. The Ozone 500-i is a convenient and powerful water sanitizer. Using any pitcher or container, the ozone gas can be easily bubbled in the water to kill bacteria, viruses, and remove bad tastes and odors.
Q. How can I use the Ozone 500-i to kill bacteria and sanitize fruit, vegetables and meats?
A. Place the food in a bowl and fill with water. Allow the ozone to bubble in the water for several minutes and then cover container for 10 - 20 minutes. Ozone will remove pesticide residues, dirt, bacteria, and other contaminants on the surface of the fruit, vegetables, meat or fish within minutes.
Q. What else can I use it for?
A. Use the ozone generator to create a powerful sanitizer by ozonating water, and then using the water to wipe down surfaces. Kills bacteria in cleaning clothes, sponges and rags. Use the ozone generator to bubble ozone in the washing machine to dramatically cut down on the amount of soap used and eliminate need for bleach.
Q. What does the 'Negative Ion Generator' do? What is the difference between 'negative ions' and ozone?
A. Negative ion generators generate negatively-charged particles and treat air by eliminating static charges in air, and as an aid in cleaning the room air of dust, dust mites, mold and spores. The negative ion generator is a separate system inside the Ozone 500-i. The Multi-Functional Ozone 500-i system can only run either the negative ion generator OR the ozone generator at one time. The negative ion generator should be run for 10 - 15 minutes. Ozone is a powerful disinfecting gas that kills bacteria and removes odors. Negative ions are charged particles and are harmless, but improve the air quality by affecting the charge of particles in the air.
Q. How does the negative ion generator work?
A. Negative ions can create healthier air and are known to help asthma and allergy sufferers. The negative ions bind with dust and molds and cause them to drop to the floor and not remain suspended in air. There are no adverse effects to using the negative ion generator. Studies have shown that exposure to negative ions (such as the sea shore, or near water falls, or in rooms treated with negative ions) increase the levels of seratonin in the bloodstream whichs leads to mood enhancement and feelings of well-being. Computers and electronic equipment, heater, central air heating and conditioners and other appliances deplete the air of negative ions. The Ozone 500-i Multi-Functional system can restore these negative ions to room, making the room feel more comfortable and air much more enjoyable and healthy.
Q. Does the Ozone 500-i have any filters that must be changed or cleaned?
A. No. There are no filters to clean or change. The Ozone 500-i does not filter air or water. It generates ozone gas which can be used to disinfect water and clean air. It also has a negative ion generator which helps to clean air by treating dust and particles in the air, which allows them to more easily fall to the floor for cleaning. However, it does not remove or trap any particles or dust inside the unit.
Q. What is the warranty and how long will the Ozone 500-i last?
A. The Ozone 500-i has an 18 month warranty. Under normal use, it will last for 4 to 5 years. There are no replacement or serviceable parts inside the generator and other than keeping the exterior clean, there is no maintenance required.
Q. Does the Ozone 500-i use a lot of electricity?
A. No, the power consumption is very low. When operating it uses less than 30 watt light bulb.

Thursday, December 22, 2016

Top 3 Ways to Automatically Turn On and Off a Home Well Water Chlorinator

You might be asking “What is the best way to install a home well water chlorinator so it turns on and off automatically?”

This is a common question for everyone on well water wanting to use a home well water chlorinator.

Metering pumps are used to inject a small amount of liquid chlorine bleach  into the water, usually in conjunction with a contact tank.  The pumps draw chlorine bleach from a solution tank and pump it into a pipe under pressure. 

Chlorine Bleach Solves a Lot of Problems for a Low Cost

Water used for drinking and cooking should be free of odor, slime producing bacteria,  and pathogenic (disease causing) microorganisms that cause such illnesses as typhoid fever, dysentery, cholera, and gastroenteritis.   

Although several methods eliminate microorganisms and odors in water, chlorination is the most commonly used. Chlorination is effective against many pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria, but at normal dosage rates it does not kill all viruses, cysts, or worms.

Often combined with filtration to remove the chlorine from the water used inside the home,  chlorination is an excellent and cost-effective way to disinfect drinking water supplies, eliminate odors, and oxidize iron, and other metals.

 Top 3 Ways to Turn On and Off A Home Well Water Chlorinator

Chlorinator metering pumps need to be installed so they turn on and off automatically. There are three methods commonly used: 

  1. Wire to turn on and of with the well pump pressure switch
  2. Use a flow switch
  3. Use a proportional-feed flow meter


By Well Pressure Switch: In this type of installation, the metering pump is plugged into a dedicated electrical outlet that is wired in to the pressure switch.  When the pressure switch points close, the  chlorine solution pump is turned on.  This a reliable and  low cost option.  An electrician may be needed to comply with local codes and/or if you are unfamiliar with basic wiring.   


An easy alternative to installing  a dedicated outlet and wiring  to the pressure switch is to use a pre-wired flow switch.  The flow switch cord is plugged into any 120V wall outlet, and the chlorinator pump is plugged into the outlet that is built in to the flow switch.  
Whenever there is flow, the chlorinator pump is energized and starts to pump.  Easy to wire, just plug in, turn on.   Available in 110v or 220v.

In some applications the chlorine injection point must be after the pressure tank, such as when the pressure tank and well are away from the house and it is impractical to have the chlorine being injected before the pressure tank. 
In this case, a Proportional-Feed system can be used.  Based on how fast the water is flowing, more or less chlorine is pumped into the water to maintain a precise residual.  
Like the flow switch, it is  easy to install, and allows installation of your chlorination system anywhere after the well pressure tank.    
Whenever there is flow, the chlorinator pump is energized and starts to pump.  Easy to wire, just plug in, turn on.   Available in 110v or 220v.

Monday, December 19, 2016

How To Use a Centrifigal Sand Separator To Keep Mud and Sand From Filling Up Your Well’s Pressure Tank

Hello Jean,

Thank you for contacting us. 

You wrote:

“My well water flow rate was so poor in the kitchen, I called the plumber. He said there was 'mud and sand in the pressure tank'. Is there a good filter for that?”

Yes the best way settle out large heavy particles such as mud and sand before the water reaches the pressure tank, is by using a centrifugal sand separator to trap the sand, followed by a turbidity backwash filter to remove finer silt and sediment.

Sand separators are available with an automatic flush valve to purge the accumulated mud on a schedule without requiring any manual maintenance.

Thursday, November 10, 2016

Should I Use a Chlorinator to Treat My Well Water?

Hello Ed,

Thank you for your email and I am happy to answer your question below,

"I had my water tested recently and have a few questions. Currently we have a water softener w/ salt that is not removing the high levels of iron and manganese. I increased the frequency of the regeneration and it is consuming more salt, but the iron remains too high.  

I'd like to address iron, the ph. Also the report says "total Coli form" did not pass state Drinking Water Standards, although report detail says "Fecal Coliform Not Tested ,and E.Coli is absent."   

Should I use a chlorinator to treat my well water?  Can i kill bacteria and also treat for iron and manganese with a well water chlorinator?

Ed in Texas "

Tuesday, November 1, 2016

How Can I Find Out What My Well Pump Flow Rate Is?

Hello Sam,

Thank you for your email. And regarding your question:

"I need to get an iron filter for my lake house, which is on a private well.  I have a question about how to check the well pump flow rate.

The water pressure seems good, but how can I make sure it will be enough to backwash the iron filter?  I read on your site that the backwash flow rate is critical for iron filters and sometimes bigger is not better."

Thanks for emailing.  This is very important, and it is easy to figure out and get a good approximate figure on what the flow rate is.   You are correct, it is not accurate to simply turn on a spigot near the well and time the water running into a bucket.  This is not accurate because a hose bib (or spigot) restricts the flow rate to 5 to 8 gallons per minute. 

Thursday, October 27, 2016

How To Use a Chlorinator Pump to Get Rid of Sulfur Water

Hello Lester,

Thank you for contacting us regarding treating your well water.  You reported the following information by filling the form on our website:

"We live in Wisconsin and we use well water.  The water smells like sulfur, and I want to get rid of the smell.  I have heard I can use a chlorinator pump to get rid of sulfur water. 

We also have some iron and manganese.  I may want to use chlorine but my wife is sensitive to chlorinated water. Can we remove the chlorine if say, we are using it? How does that work?  

We only want to treat the water as it flows into the home, I don’t want to add chlorine to the outside water as we have a lot of irrigation and I don’t want or need to filter that.   Thank you." 

Hello sir,

A good way to treat this water is to inject chlorine and then filter it with a Pro-OX iron filter and an activated carbon backwash filter.   The result is clean, disinfected, chlorine-free, non-staining, odor-free water throughout the home.

Thursday, October 20, 2016

How To Use a Proportional Feed Chlorinator to Kill Bacteria and Eliminate Odors

Hello John, 

Based on the concern that we read from your email: 

"I have a constant pressure pump and want to install a chlorinator.  How can I turn the chlorinator on and off automatically?   I only want to chlorinate the water inside the house.

Our well water tested positive for iron bacteria that has odors, and rust.  I have a small amount of arsenic (2 ppb) and want to use a reverse osmosis filter for drinking.  Will this remove the arsenic?   Currently we do have a water softener."

Wednesday, October 12, 2016

What is Best Way to Remove Chlorine, Rust and Odors from Chlorinated Well Water?

Hello Dave,

Thank you for your email. You asked us:

 "I recently purchased a Model 400 pellet feeder and while it did completely get rid of the sulfur odor, now we have a chlorine smell to the water.  What is the best to get rid of the chlorine? We have two kids, so four in our home, 2 bathrooms.   We have an old water softener that still works fine, and the water is pretty good, just an annoying chlorine taste and odor, like a slight bleach smell."

Glad to hear the Model 400 is working out for you.  One problem or issue with the pellet feeders is that the minimum chlorine residual they can inject, can be high.  

Monday, October 10, 2016

How to Use Dry Pellet Well Water Chlorinators To Eliminate Odors and Rust Staining

Hello Richard,

Thanks for emailing. You asked us:

"I need to get a well water chlorinator and I am looking at the pellet type.  This is a DYI project for a rental house. I want it to be easy to deal with and something I don’t have to look at every month. 

How long does the chlorine pellets last in the Model 400 pellet feeder?   

Why does this chlorinator need to be installed after the pressure tank, can’t I put it before the pressure tank? 

Do I need a filter to remove the rust? I have sulfur water (slight odor, not extremely bad) with a small amount of iron (0.8 PPM).  Will the renters be able to taste chlorine in the water or smell the chlorine?"

Tuesday, September 27, 2016

How Can I Prevent Red, Orange, and Black Staining from Ruining My Fixtures?

Hello Hal,

Thanks for emailing about your well water.  You reported the following:

“I have red orange and black staining with calcium deposits on my fixtures. 

What type of filter system can I get to prevent staining and calcium deposits from ruining my fixtures?!  

My water test is: Calcium-18.4 mg/l, Magnesium-4.8 mg/l, Manganese-0.175 mg/l, Sodium-55.2 mg/l.”

Based upon this information and knowing there are 3+ Bathrooms in your home I’d recommend a