Tuesday, April 18, 2017

How Can I Fix My Smelly Well Water Problem?

Mr Bulfin,

I have a 1 bedroom, 1 bath home and cannot stand the well water smell.  It smells like rotten eggs, sulfur.  I also have black slime in the toilet tank.  A local water guy said we had no iron, and I don’t see rust stains. He suggested a water softener and a carbon filter, but I don’t want to use the salt. How can I fix my smelly well water problem?

Kimberly L.

Sunday, April 9, 2017

How To Remove High Levels of Nitrate from My Well Water?

Dear sir,

I am selling a home in an area known for high nitrates in groundwater.  The test came back at 10.1 mg/L. well is at 100 ft and is 8 years old. Can I use one of your whole house Nitrate treatment systems to get it below 10 mg/L?.  The water is also hard but there is no water softener there, yet."

Monday, March 20, 2017

How To Use Hydrogen Peroxide, Catalytic Carbon, and Ultraviolet Sterilizers To Eliminate Sulfur Odors and Sulfate Reducing Bacteria from Well Water


My neighbor told me about your company.  I have a very bad rotten egg odor in our well water. I don't know why but it developed over the last year, we never had it before.   Our neighbors have a similar problem, not as bad but they use chlorine.

My wife does not want chlorine, and I read on your site about peroxide.  Would that work for me?  I think we have iron or sulfur bacteria, as we have a lot of gray slimy growth in our toilet tanks.  We also tested positive for coliform but i shocked the well and not its clean, but will peroxide also kill coliform if it comes back?  thanks

Bill R.
North Carolina

Wednesday, March 15, 2017

What is The Difference Between the 3 Main Types of Iron Filter Media?

We use a few different methods used to remove iron and manganese from well water.  

Iron and manganese are typically found in groundwater in a dissolved state and have a clear color. 

While there are various less common treatment methods used (such as ion exchange and ultra-filtration), the most effective and popular systems oxidize (turn to rust) the clear state of iron to a rust or solid form so the solid particles can then be filtered out. 

The oxidation step can be accomplished with aeration, chlorine (gas, sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite or on-site generation of sodium hypochlorite), chlorine dioxide, potassium or sodium permanganate, or ozone.

The most common methods are aeration and chlorine injection.

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

Top 6 Factors Affecting Ultraviolet Treatment of Well & Spring Water

Factors Affecting UV Treatment

Water to be treated by UV light should be clear and relatively low in minerals:

  1. Water should be low in hardness minerals: Less than 7  grains per gallon of hardness, or less than 120 PPM) 
  2. Water should be free of color 
  3. Iron should be less than 0.3 mg/L.   
  4. Manganese should be less than 0.05 mg/L
  5. pH range should be 6.5 to 9.5
  6. Turbidity should be less than 1 NTU

Sunday, January 8, 2017

How To Preserve 5 Gallon Water Bottles for Long Term Storage with Ozone

How To Preserve 5 Gallon Water Bottles for Emergencies and Long Term Storage with Ozone

A customer wrote asked us about how to store water for long-term emergency preparedness.

"I want to store water in 5-gallon bottles for my family, but I notice a slime or deposit develops after a few months on the bottles.  Should I add chlorine or peroxide to the bottles when filling the first time?"

Thursday, December 22, 2016

Top 3 Ways to Automatically Turn On and Off a Home Well Water Chlorinator

You might be asking “What is the best way to install a home well water chlorinator so it turns on and off automatically?”

This is a common question for everyone on well water wanting to use a home well water chlorinator.

Metering pumps are used to inject a small amount of liquid chlorine bleach  into the water, usually in conjunction with a contact tank.  The pumps draw chlorine bleach from a solution tank and pump it into a pipe under pressure. 

Chlorine Bleach Solves a Lot of Problems for a Low Cost

Water used for drinking and cooking should be free of odor, slime producing bacteria,  and pathogenic (disease causing) microorganisms that cause such illnesses as typhoid fever, dysentery, cholera, and gastroenteritis.   

Although several methods eliminate microorganisms and odors in water, chlorination is the most commonly used. Chlorination is effective against many pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria, but at normal dosage rates it does not kill all viruses, cysts, or worms.

Often combined with filtration to remove the chlorine from the water used inside the home,  chlorination is an excellent and cost-effective way to disinfect drinking water supplies, eliminate odors, and oxidize iron, and other metals.

Monday, December 19, 2016

How To Use a Centrifigal Sand Separator To Keep Mud and Sand From Filling Up Your Well’s Pressure Tank

Hello Jean,

Thank you for contacting us. 

You wrote:

“My well water flow rate was so poor in the kitchen, I called the plumber. He said there was 'mud and sand in the pressure tank'. Is there a good filter for that?”

Yes the best way settle out large heavy particles such as mud and sand before the water reaches the pressure tank, is by using a centrifugal sand separator to trap the sand, followed by a turbidity backwash filter to remove finer silt and sediment.

Sand separators are available with an automatic flush valve to purge the accumulated mud on a schedule without requiring any manual maintenance.

Thursday, November 10, 2016

Should I Use a Chlorinator to Treat My Well Water?

Hello Ed,

Thank you for your email and I am happy to answer your question below,

"I had my water tested recently and have a few questions. Currently we have a water softener w/ salt that is not removing the high levels of iron and manganese. I increased the frequency of the regeneration and it is consuming more salt, but the iron remains too high.  

I'd like to address iron, the ph. Also the report says "total Coli form" did not pass state Drinking Water Standards, although report detail says "Fecal Coliform Not Tested ,and E.Coli is absent."   

Should I use a chlorinator to treat my well water?  Can i kill bacteria and also treat for iron and manganese with a well water chlorinator?

Ed in Texas "

Tuesday, November 1, 2016

How Can I Find Out What My Well Pump Flow Rate Is?

Hello Sam,

Thank you for your email. And regarding your question:

"I need to get an iron filter for my lake house, which is on a private well.  I have a question about how to check the well pump flow rate.

The water pressure seems good, but how can I make sure it will be enough to backwash the iron filter?  I read on your site that the backwash flow rate is critical for iron filters and sometimes bigger is not better."

Thanks for emailing.  This is very important, and it is easy to figure out and get a good approximate figure on what the flow rate is.   You are correct, it is not accurate to simply turn on a spigot near the well and time the water running into a bucket.  This is not accurate because a hose bib (or spigot) restricts the flow rate to 5 to 8 gallons per minute.